Without further ado… my PhD dissertation:
Abstract: As social network sites like MySpace and Facebook emerged, American teenagers began adopting them as spaces to mark identity and socialize with peers. Teens leveraged these sites for a wide array of everyday social practices – gossiping, flirting, joking around, sharing information, and simply hanging out. While social network sites were predominantly used by teens as a peer-based social outlet, the unchartered nature of these sites generated fear among adults. This dissertation documents my 2.5-year ethnographic study of American teens’ engagement with social network sites and the ways in which their participation supported and complicated three practices – self-presentation, peer sociality, and negotiating adult society.
My analysis centers on how social network sites can be understood as networked publics which are simultaneously (1) the space constructed through networked technologies and (2) the imagined community that emerges as a result of the intersection of people, technology, and practice. Networked publics support many of the same practices as unmediated publics, but their structural differences often inflect practices in unique ways. Four properties – persistence, searchability, replicability, and scalability – and three dynamics – invisible audiences, collapsed contexts, and the blurring of public and private – are examined and woven throughout the discussion.
While teenagers primarily leverage social network sites to engage in common practices, the properties of these sites configured their practices and teens were forced to contend with the resultant dynamics. Often, in doing so, they reworked the technology for their purposes. As teenagers learned to navigate social network sites, they developed potent strategies for managing the complexities of and social awkwardness incurred by these sites. Their strategies reveal how new forms of social media are incorporated into everyday life, complicating some practices and reinforcing others. New technologies reshape public life, but teens’ engagement also reconfigures the technology itself.
Knowing that I would share my dissertation publicly, I desperately wanted to create a perfect dissertation. Anyone who has been through this process knows how impossible that is. Everyone kept trying to reassure me by promising that no one ever reads a dissertation. (Often this was followed with a snarky remark of “not even your committee.”) Unfortunately, those folks haven’t met the blogosphere. (Or my committee.)
There was a huge part of me that wanted to hole up and not share this document with you, for fear of your criticism. This is not a perfect document. Not even close. There are holes in my argument structure, problems with my description, and loads of places where I can’t help but smack my forehead at my simplicity and lack of depth. With all of its imperfections, there is one very important thing about this document: it is done. And by the end of the process, I accepted the age-old PhD mantra: the only good dissertation is a done dissertation.
I don’t expect you to read this, but I know that for some sick and twisted reason, many of you have an urge to do so. That makes you very weird. Still, I have a favor to ask… if you’re going to take the time to read this beast – or even a single chapter of it – could you share your thoughts? I really want to push this further and deeper. Parts of it will turn into journal articles. Other parts will emerge in a book. The more feedback I get now, the better I can make those future document. So, pretty please, with a cherry on top, could you share your reflections, critiques, concerns? I promise I won’t be mad. In fact, the opposite. I would be most delighted!
I am going to read it. If that makes me weird, I don’t want to be normal.
Many researchers are interested in their research (one would hope it was *all* researchers, but the evidence is sparse). But I get the sense that you are above all interested in having an effect on these kids’ lives. And that’s what great about what you write, you have a purpose beyond impressing the committee.
FanTAStic! You remain my hero. I’ll send thoughts as they emerge.
Your dissertation is just one I loved to read. It’s the first time I read a PhD dissertation so fast 😉
I hope you don’t mind (and tell me if you do) but I posted something on my blog about it. I’m not done yet, since there is so much to say, but you can still go and check. I just wish more people would read your work, and I am humbly trying to make it known in the French speaking little part of the world I work with. I know you don’t need publicity (your work speaks for itself) but still. I wish all the French school principals would read it.
Congratulations et merci.
Thanks for the dissertation! I stayed up 3 nights in a row reading it. I posted a danah for dummies version and some initial thoughts about how danah’s properties of networked publics may affect adults navigating social networks. Much more to explore!
Danah, you’re dissertation is fascinating. I was particularly interested in what was said about the breakdown of which student “caste” was more likely to switch to Facebook, stay with MySpace, or be an active part of both. In terms of future developments in this area, one would hope that students will become more aware of the dangers of posting significant amounts of their personal information online and making it so readily available. I think that their sense of invulnerability has permeated into the Internet as a whole which adults should be aware of.
Thank you for posting this! I myself am considering pursuing a PhD / DBA but was unsure on the “depth” (in terms of research) you are expected to go to.. this will help me understand.
Thanks again 🙂
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I’m really glad that you have made it available here. I had started to read it on scribd but much prefer access given by the author 🙂
Love your writing style, wish i could find my own voice this well.
This is a nice clear and engaging read.
You have beautifully described the ethics tensions: I share similar ones on studying text messaging in a telephone counselling centre. I think Im about 6 months from finishing.